Question QUESTION 1 1 Match the nutrient with the food source Note there is more than 2023

2023 Question QUESTION 1 1 Match the nutrient with the food source Note there is more than

Biology 2023 POST BIO150 final exam (Latest)

Question

QUESTION 1

1. Match the nutrient with the food source. (Note: there is more than one correct answer)

Protein

Lactose

Fructose

Fiber

Saturated fatty acid

Unsaturated fatty acid

trans fatty acid

Omega-3 fatty acid

Cholesterol

Vitamin A

A.

smoked salmon

B.

steak

C.

multi-grain bread roll

D.

carrots

E.

margarine

F.

olive oil

G.

whole milk

H.

peanuts

I.

strawberries

 

QUESTION 2

To make the meal below a vegetarian meal you would need to leave out the _____?
steak with side of pasta with lentils, peas, carrots and melted butter

Steak
4 points

QUESTION 3

The meal below could be a problem for people with common food allergies or intestinal disorders. Identify TWO food items and their respective food allergy/intestinal disorder.
Grilled chicken and pasta with lentils, peas, a glass of milk, and yogurt with peanuts and strawberries
.
(extra credit for identifying more than two food items that can trigger allergies/intestinal disorders)

10 points

QUESTION 4

Protein digestion begins in the ___

Mouth
Esophagus
Stomach
Small Intestine
Large intestine
5 points

QUESTION 5

Registered dietitians strongly recommended that most athletes consume protein supplements.

True

False

4 points

QUESTION 6

Saturated fatty acids are ___ healthy than unsaturated fatty acids
more

Less

4 points

QUESTION 7

You have discovered that your LDL level is 200 mg /dL and your HDL is 40 mg /dL. What should you do to become more healthy?
Lower your LDL and HDL
Lower your LDL and raise your HDL
Raise your LDL and lower your HDL

Raise your LD and raise your HDL

Nothing. This is a healthy cholesterol level
5 points

QUESTION 8

_____ is an example of a fat soluble vitamin.

4 points

QUESTION 9

Boiling vegetables reduces their vitamin content.
True

False

4 points

QUESTION 10

Some vitamins can be destroyed by exposure to heat, light, or air.

True

False

4 points

QUESTION 11

Match the vitamin to the respective deficiency disorder.

Vitamin A

Vitamin D

Vitamin K

Thiamin

Niacin

Vitamin B-12

Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)

A.

Scurvy

B.

Pernicious anemia

C.

Night blindness

D.

Beriberi and Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome

E.

Excessive Bleeding

F.

Rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults

G.

Pellagra


QUESTION 12

Match the mineral on the left to the description on the right.

Calcium (Ca)

Sodium (Na)

Potassium (K)

Iron (Fe)

A.

Deficiency can lead to irregular heartbeats and muscle cramps

B.

Structural component of bones and teeth

C.

Deficiency can lead to fatigue and low hemoglobin levels.

D.

Excessive amounts can contribute to hypertension


QUESTION 13

Which organ plays a key role in water conservation?
Liver
Small Intestine
Kidneys
Pancreas
5 points

QUESTION 14

Drinking too much water can also be unhealthy, resulting in coma or even death in extreme cases.

True

False
4 points 

QUESTION 15

Briefly, describe one method for estimating a person’s amount of body fat.

BMI Body mass index = current weight/height squared
5 points

QUESTION 16

Harry and Ron both weigh 140 lb, but Ron is shorter than Harry. Thus, Ron would have _____ BMI.

a higher
a lower
the same
5 points

QUESTION 17

Brown fat cells are specialized to
store glycogen
metabolize fat to generate heat
store fat
.
metabolize amino acids
.
5 points

QUESTION 18

Christina is a 21-year-old woman. Her percentage of body fat is 25%, which is considered ___.

too low
healthy
too high
4 points

QUESTION 19

Jason consumes 4,000 kcal/day and burns 2,000 kcal/day. Jason thus would have a ____ energy balance.
positive
neutral
negative
5 points

QUESTION 20

Name one health problem that is associated with overweight and obesity._____.
5 points

QUESTION 21

Which of the following is the hormone that is secreted by the stomach and increases hunger?
Trypsin
Ghrelin
Insulin
antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
5 points

QUESTION 22

Skipping breakfast can lower your metabolic rate.
True

False

4 points

QUESTION 23

Which of the following activities is generally classified as aerobic?
Strength training
Lap swimming
Playing golf
Gardening
5 points

QUESTION 24

Regular exercise does not help with weight loss, because you just end up eating more.

True

False

4 points

QUESTION 25

All weight supplements advertised on TV are safe and effective.
True

False

4 points

QUESTION 26

Greg is a 20 yrs old male. What should be his target heart rate for a moderate-intensity workout?

60 bpm
100 bpm
160 bpm
220 bpm

5 points

QUESTION 27

What molecule is the main energy source for all cells?

Lactic acid
ATP
Triglycerides
DNA

5 points 

QUESTION 28

Which nutrient should you eat after completing an intense workout to restore your stores of glycogen?
Carbohydrates
Fats
Proteins

5 points

QUESTION 29

Proteins are normally the primary energy source during vigorous exercise.

True

False

4 points 

QUESTION 30

_____ is a common symptom of food-poisoning.

5 points

QUESTION 31

Drinking water from a lake can most likely expose you to which food-borne pathogen?
E
. Coli
Rotavirus
Giardia
C
. botulinum
5 points

QUESTION 32

The FDA permits food to contain small amounts of insect parts, because contamination is difficulty to completely avoid.

True

False

4 points

QUESTION 33

You want to stock your home for a possible emergency situation. Would 1 gallon of water be sufficient to keep one person fully hydrated for 4 days? 
Yes
No

4 points

QUESTION 34

Nutritional deficiencies are most likely to affect human development during the ___ trimester.
first
second
third
fourth
5 points

QUESTION 35

______ is a possible side effect of the early pregnancy (first trimester). (There are several potential correct answers, please name only one.)
5 points 

QUESTION 36

Rapid, excessive weight gain after the fifth month of pregnancy could be a sign of _______.
Spina Bifida
Celiac disease
Low blood pressure
Preeclampsia
5 points

QUESTION 37

What are the TWO advantages of breastfeeding over formula milk?
10 points

QUESTION 38

____ is a common sign of a food allergy in infants

5 points

QUESTION 39

Which of the following is safe feed to a 2 month old infant?
Chicken nuggets
Soda (Pop)
Honey
All of the above
None of the above
5 points 

QUESTION 40

What is one possible problem with drinking caffeinated beverages while excersing?

 

 

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